The Old city of Nicosia is surrounded by a complete star shape walls (referred to as "The Walls") built by the Venetians in 1567 in their effort to fortify the city against a threadned Ottoman invasion. The Walls have eleven heart shape bastions and three gates. Famagousta Gate or Porta Julia, the biggest and most elaborate of the 3 is since 1982 the Cultural Center of the Municipality of Nicosia. The other two gates are the Paphos Gate at the west situated by the Green Line and Kerynia Gate to the North, today to the occupied area of the city. The nicosia Town Hall (15, K. Palaiologou Avenue, Tel 22797000) is built on one of them, the Bastion Davila, overlooking Eleftheria Square.
Recent excavations on the bastion of Podocataro have revealed the remains of the siege of the city by the Turks in 1570. Mud brick embrasures, part of armoury and weapons as well as two skeletons, decapitated by the Ottomans, verify the descriptions of contemporary writers describing the fall of Nicosia. The Old City is fascinating to stroll through for shopping or for dining with its narrow streets, small shops, carved balconies, inner yards, churhes, mosques and Byzantine arches.
Near the Famagusta Gate , the quarter takes its name from the oldest Byzantine church in Nicosia, dedicated to "Our Lady of the Golden Flax". Built in 1463 by the greek origine Lusignan Queen Eleni Paleologina. Following the signs near the Chrysaliniotissa Craft Center. Numerous taverns and bars are also to be found near this area.
Kaimakli is a "village" within the Municipality of Nikosia. At Kaimakli its old nucles still boasts some of the most distinctive examples of late 19th and early 20th centery domestic architecture, bulti by the renowned master craftsmen of kaimakli.
Archiepiskopos Kyprianos Square
The square in front of the Arciehbiscopi Palace, where monuments and religious interest abound, inclunding the Ethnographic Museum of Cyprus, the National Struggle Museum and Agios Ioannis Cathedral as well as The Pancyprian Gymnasium Museum.
Laiki Yitonia (Folk Neighbourhood)
Restored pedestrian area within the walled city, east of Eletheria Square. Charming winding alleys with traditional houses and shops, restaurants, galleries, all lovingly restored as typical examples of Cypriot ubran architecture of a bygone, more graceful age.
8 Tillyria Square,
Open Teus-Sun, from 09:00 am until 21:00 pm
For men: Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday,
For women: Wensday, Friday, Sunday
For couples: Mondays only from 11:00 am until 19:00pm
A haven of calm and serenity at the heart of Lefkosia for everyone to enjoy, the Omeriye Hamam (Turkish Baths) has recently undergone considerable renovation.
Open daily, Free entry (no shoes allowed inside Mosque)
The mosque dates from the 14th century. It was originally the Augustinian Church of Saint Mary, but was destroyed during the Ottoman conquest. It was restored as a mosque due to the belief that the Prophet Omer rested here during the 7th century. The muezzin still calls the faithful to prayer five times a day.